Multiples Born to Older Moms Do Not Suffer Higher Risk of Complications
While many studies have found that single babies born older mothers are at increased risk for birth complications, a new study says that multiples born to older mothers do not face that same risk.
Researchers at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) and the University of Kansas studied data from more than 147,000 twin pregnancies and more than 5000 triplet pregnancies. They found that twins born to older mothers were not more likely to experience birth complications and that triplets born to older mothers actually fared better than those born to younger mothers.
The researchers believe that the fact that many older mothers conceive through assisted reproductive technology (ART) may contribute to the trend. Multiples conceived through ART are less likely to be identical, and identical multiples are more likely to suffer complications at birth. Also, mothers who conceive via ART tend to be monitored more closely than are mothers who conceive multiples naturally.
The study appears in the September issue of Fertility and Sterility. (09-17-02)
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Who fed me from her gentle breast
And hushed me in her arms to rest,
And on my cheek sweet kisses prest?
When sleep forsook my open eye,
Who was it sung sweet lullaby
And rocked me that I should not cry?
Who sat and watched my infant head
When sleeping in my cradle bed,
And tears of sweet affection shed?
When pain and sickness made me cry,
Who gazed upon my heavy eye
And wept, for fear that I should die?
Who ran to help me when I fell
And would some pretty story tell,
Or kiss the part to make it well?
Who taught my infant lips to pray,
To love God's holy word and day,
And walk in wisdom's pleasant way?
And can I ever cease to be
Affectionate and kind to thee
Who wast so very kind to me,-
Oh no, the thought I cannot bear;
And if God please my life to spare
I hope I shall reward thy care,
When thou art feeble, old and gray,
My healthy arm shall be thy stay,
And I will soothe thy pains away,
Ans when I see thee hang thy head,
'Twill be my turn to watch thy bed,
And tears of sweet affection shed,-
Attention Deficit Linked to TV Viewing
Risk to Children Increases With Number of Hours Watched, Study Finds
CHICAGO, April 4 -- Very young children who watch television face an increased risk of attention deficit problems by school age, a study has found, suggesting that TV might overstimulate and permanently "rewire" the developing brain.
For every hour of television watched daily, two groups of children -- ages 1 and 3 -- faced a 10 percent increased risk of having attention problems at age 7.
The findings bolster previous research showing that television can shorten attention spans and support recommendations by the American Academy of Pediatrics that children younger than 2 should not watch television.
"The truth is there are lots of reasons for children not to watch television. Other studies have shown it to be associated with obesity and aggressiveness," said lead author Dimitri A. Christakis, a researcher at Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center in Seattle.
The study, appearing in the April issue of Pediatrics, involved 1,345 children who participated in government-sponsored national health surveys. Parents answered questions about the children's TV viewing and rated their behavior at age 7 on a scale similar to measures used in diagnosing attention deficit disorders.
The researchers lacked data on whether attention deficit disorders had been diagnosed in the youngsters, but the number of children whose parents rated them as having attention problems -- 10 percent -- is similar to the prevalence in the general population, Christakis said. Problems included difficulty concentrating, acting restless and impulsive and being easily confused.
About 36 percent of the 1-year-olds watched no TV, while 37 percent watched one to two hours daily and had a 10 percent to 20 percent increased risk of attention problems. Fourteen percent watched three to four hours daily and had a 30 percent to 40 percent increased risk compared with children who watched no TV. The remainder watched at least five hours daily.
Among 3-year-olds, only 7 percent watched no TV, 44 percent watched one to two hours daily, 27 percent watched three to four hours daily, almost 11 percent watched five to six hours daily, and about 10 percent watched seven or more hours daily.
In a Pediatrics editorial, educational psychologist Jane M. Healy said the study "is important and long overdue" but needs to be followed up to better explain the mechanisms that may be involved.
Christakis said unrealistically fast-paced images typical of most TV programming may alter normal brain development.
"The newborn brain develops very rapidly during the first two to three years of life. It's really being wired" during that time, Christakis said.
Overstimulation during this critical period "can create habits of the mind that are ultimately deleterious," Christakis said. If this theory holds true, the brain changes likely are permanent, but children with attention problems can be taught to compensate, he said.
Jennifer Kotler, assistant director for research at Sesame Workshop, which produces children's programs including "Sesame Street," questioned whether the results would apply to educational programming.
"We do not ignore this research," but more is needed on variables that could affect the impact of early exposure to television, including whether content or watching TV with a parent makes a difference, Kotler said.
"There's a lot of research . . . that supports the positive benefits of educational programming," she said.
First published at: The Washington Post
دنيای كودكی مان را به ما باز گردانيد
سازمان ملل متحد، بيست و دو خرداد (دوازدهم ژوئن)، را روز جهانی مبارزه با كار كودكان نام نهاده است تا هر ساله ياد آور شود كار اجبرای چه صدمات جبران ناپذيری به روح و جسم اين كودكان وارد می آورد.
خانه ی هنرمندان ايران روزدوشنبه، بيست و سه خرداد، به همين مناسبت ميزبان كودكان كار و انجمن حمايت از آنها بود.
در اين برنامه، بچه های كر و ارف آموزشگاه پارس،قطعات موسيقی اجرا كردند. خاطرات كودكان كار خوانده شد، نمايش« آقا خروسه صدات كو؟»، به صحنه رفت و گروه كودكان كار سرود خواندند.
انجمن حمايت از كودكان كار، نهادی مردمي، غير دولتی و غير سياسی و غير انتفاعی است و از سال 1381، با هدف حمايت از كودكان كار و خيابان و تلاش برای رفع پديده نابهنجار كار كودك، فعاليت خود را آغاز كرده است.
گزارشی از اين مراسم را در ادامه بخوانيد...
"دكتر ژنارومونتانينو" روز 22 جولاي 1971 اعلام كرد، زني 35 ساله 15 كودك به دنيا آورد! اگرچه هيچ كدام از اين جنينها زنده از بدن مادرشان خارج نشدند، اما ركورد منحصر به فردي را در تاريخ شگفتيهاي علم پزشكي به ثبت رساندند. از اين 15 جنين، 10 تاي آنها دختر و پنج تاي ديگر پسر بودند.
"دكتر مونتانينو" وزن هر يك از آنها را 15 اونس و قد آنان را 5 اينچ اعلام كرد.
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Vuarnet branches out into skincare
French skiwear and accessories brand Vuarnet is branching out into skincare with an offer called Vuarnet Skin Care. The three-product line has been formulated to protect the skin from extreme or harsh environmental conditions, such as the sub-zero temperatures, wind and sun that most skiers encounter on the slopes.
The three-sku line includes a hand cream (75ml, €14), facial cream (75ml, €18) and lip balm (15ml, €8). The biotech formula is based on the edelweiss ingredient for its soothing and anti-oxidizing properties, combined with a glycoprotein ingredient sourced from the Antarctic and known for its resistance to cold temperatures.
Vuarnet Skin Care launches in pharmacies in Belgium and France this December. The company plans to expand to other European countries, particularly around the Alp region, as well as in North America.
Vuarnet intends to expand the skincare offering this summer.
The brand has discontinued its previous fragrance and suncare lines with licensee Loreste.
Advice to Drink Liquids During a Cold Questioned
LONDON (Reuters) - Drinking plenty of fluids while suffering from a cold or respiratory infection could cause more harm than good, researchers said Friday.
Doctors often recommend drinking liquids to prevent dehydration but Chris Del Mar, of the University of Queensland in Australia, said not enough research has been done to prove it is good advice.
"We found data to suggest that giving fluids to patients with respiratory infections may cause harm," Del Mar said in a report in the British Medical Journal.
The body releases large amounts of a water-conserving hormone when a person has a respiratory infection such as a cold or bronchitis.
Drinking more when these levels are high could lead to fluid overload and a condition known as hyponatraemia, or low concentrations of sodium which is needed for normal body functions.
Del Mar and his team searched the medical literature and talked to experts but could not find any randomized controlled trials comparing the impact of increased or restricted water drinking during a cold.
"Until we have this evidence, we should be cautious about universally recommending increased fluids to patients, especially those with infections of the lower respiratory tract," Del Mar added.
Oriental Plane Tree and Healing
Another probable reason for popularity of plane in Persia is that people believe that this tree prevents the spread of infectious fever and diseases the germ of which are found in the air. This sanitary effect of planes is not recorded anywhere in our early sources.
Medical properties and uses were found out for plane tree by Dioscorides and Galen. The physicians and pharmacologists of Islamic world in the Middle Ages have added hardly anything new to the findings of the Greek masters.
Concerning the (Galenic) mezaaj (temperament, nature) the plane, Galen states that:
“The essence of the plane is moist and not far from moderate things.”
The Medieval Islamic period don’t seem to concur with him or each other.
“The plane is cold and moist”.
Majoosi believes that:
“The temperament of fresh plane leaves is cold and dry”.
Heravi thinks that:
“It is cold and dry in the first degree.”
And Ebn Sina states that:
“It is cold in the first degree, its bark and jouz [literally “Nut” or “Walnut, here globular fruit] are highly dry, detergent, and siccative.”
Animals and Plane Tree: An interesting, probably new, point in these non-Greek authors concerns the noxious or repelling effect of the plane on certain animals.
Majoosi says that
“The khoffash (bat) dies of its leaves if these are burned.”
Heravi states that”
“If plane leaves and barks are burned, parsatoo (swallow) will die of their smoke”
Ebn Sina seems to have the correct reading of the name of the animals involved. He stressed that the plane leave and barks will kill khananfes.
Tonokaaboni is probably the first Islamic pharmacologist-physician to have discussed plane ‘aragh (distillate) and its property. He explains how to obtain it from the barks, leaves and fruits of the plane. He stressed that it is “highly beneficial against asthma, zeegh-al-nafas. As to disillate from the roots, he specifies that it fortifies the body, the stomach, and the nerve, fattens the body, is good against piles, “cold” diseases, muscular tremor, dropsy stesgha , and belly ache. This distillate, he says ”causes some euphoria, but it is not inebriating.”
Once in Persia the ‘aragh from plane leaves was commercialized (by Targol Co. Tehran) and advertised as “very cold, febrifuge, fattening thin persons, useful against neurosis, muscular tremor, and asthma.”
پايگاه اطلاع رساني پزشكا ن ايران
دارو گل خشک شده درخت چنار
( Platanus orientalis)
طرز تهیه و استعمال
به صورت پودر تهیه و در بینی ریخته شود
جهت جلوگیری از خونریزی